Islamic University Of Al Madinah Al Munawwarah
Language: Urdu | Format: PDF | Pages: 1777 | Size: 58 MB
The Qur’an (”Qor-Ann”) is a Message from Allah (swt) to humanity. It was
transmitted to us in a chain starting from the Almighty Himself (swt)
to the angel Gabriel to the Prophet Muhammad (saw). This message was
given to the Prophet (saw) in pieces over a period spanning
approximately 23 years (610 CE to 632 CE). The Prophet (saw) was 40
years old when the Qur’an began to be revealed to him, and he was 63
when the revelation was completed. The language of the original message
was Arabic, but it has been translated into many other languages.
The Qur’an is one of the two sources
which form the basis of Islam. The second source is the Sunnah of the
Prophet (saw). What makes the Qur’an different from the Sunnah is
primarily its form. Unlike the Sunnah, the Qur’an is literally the Word
of Allah (swt), whereas the Sunnah was inspired by Allah but the wording
and actions are the Prophet’s (saw). The Qur’an has not been expressed
using any human’s words. Its wording is letter for letter fixed by no
one but Allah.
Prophet Muhammad (saw) was the final
Messenger of Allah to humanity, and therefore the Qur’an is the last
Message which Allah (swt) has sent to us. Its predecessors such as the
Torah, Psalms, and Gospels have all been superseded. It is an obligation
– and blessing – for all who hear of the Qur’an and Islam to
investigate it and evaluate it for themselves. Allah (swt) has
guaranteed that He will protect the Qur’an from human tampering, and
today’s readers can find exact copies of it all over the world. The
Qur’an of today is the same as the Qur’an revealed to Muhammad (saw)
1400 years ago.
The Qur’an was revealed in pure Arabic to
Prophet Muhammad (SAW) over a period of twenty-three years ending in
632 A.D., the year he passed away. The first revelation was only five
verses, the first five verses of Chapter 96. Among the very early
revelations are Surah 73, 74, 80 and 97. The revelations were sent by
Allah, Subhanahu wa Ta’ala (SWT), the creator and sustainer of the
universe, and transmitted to him by the Archangel Jibril (as) (Gabriel).
The revelations he received were sometimes a few verses, a part of a
chapter or the whole chapter. Some revelations came down in response to
an inquiry by the nonbelievers. The ordering of the Qur’an is not the
same as the revelations. Archangel Jibril (as) taught the ordering of
Ayat and Surahs (refer to Surah 75) as he transmitted the revelations to
Prophet Muhammad (pbuh).
The Qur’an speaks in the first person,
i.e., Allah’s commandments to its creation. The Qur’an also uses the
royal “We” for Allah’s commandments. The main theme of the Qur’an and
all previous revelations has been the absolute oneness of Allah, the
creator and sustainer of the universe, who is without partner(s). Allah
(Glory be to Him) did not beget nor was He begotten. The Qur’anic verses
address people in a variety of ways depending on the context. It says
“O mankind” and “O people” in a general sense addressing to all people,
and in other instances “O believers” for those who have already accepted
the message of Qur’an.
The Qur’an is the direct Word of Allah
and it does not contain a single alphabet from anyone, even Prophet
Muhammad. The sayings of Prophet Muhammad are contained in separate
compilations known as Hadith, and include his deeds, lifestyle, and
decisions on a variety of issues. The Qur’an and Hadith form the
foundation of daily life of a practicing Muslim. The Qur’an has not
changed by even an alphabet since its revelation fourteen centuries ago.
Allah (SWT) has promised in the Qur’an that He will preserve it to the
end of time. It is also for this reason there is no need for any new
prophet or revelation (guidance) to come to humankind. The Qur’an is
read in Arabic with great emphasis on the accuracy of recitation,
including the recognition of diacritical marks and places where one
pauses momentarily or stops.
The Arabic word Surah is loosely
translated as chapter and Ayah as verse for the English readers who are
unfamiliar with Qura’nic concepts. The Ayah (plural Ayat) means a sign.
Those who have read the meaning of the Qur’an thoroughly and have had
time to reflect upon them appreciate the word ayah as it is truly a sign
from Allah (SWT), the lord of the universe, the absolute, without any
partners or associate. Allah is the personal name of God, the Lord of
the universe, the owner of the day of judgement. The word Allah is not
subject to gender (male or female, such as god or goddess) or plurality
(such as gods or goddesses). This word is found in Semitic languages,
spoken by Prophets (I’sa) Jesus and (Musa) Moses, peace be upon them
According to the Qur’an, Allah sent
Numerous Nabi (prophets) and Rasool (messengers), i.e., those prophets
who were also given revelations or books from Allah. Among them are many
that are also mentioned in the old and new testaments, and others that
are specifically mentioned in the Qur’an. The Prophet Muhammad (SAW)
came about six centuries after Prophet I’sa (Jesus) and was the last
prophet of Allah. He is the seal of the Prophets. The words Islam and
Muslim are defined in the Qur’an, and Allah (SWT) states in the Qur’an
that the religion of all Prophets was Islam and called them Muslims.
Specifically, Prophet Abraham, among others, is called a Muslim in the
Qur’an. The word Islam means total submission (to the will and
commandments of Allah). It is derived from the root word SLM and salam
means peace (shalom in Hebrew). A Muslim is one who submits to the will
and commandments of Allah. The Qur’an is sent for both humankind and
Dr. Zakir Naik
Language: English | Format: PDF | Pages: 19 | Size: 1 MB
In conveying the message of Islam to a
non-Muslim, it is usually not sufficient to highlight only the positive
nature of Islam. Most non-Muslims are not convinced about the truth of
Islam because there are a few questions about Islam at the back of their
minds that remain unanswered. This article will help non-Muslims to
discover and know more common questions about Islam in more depth.
1. IDOL USED FOR CONCENTRATION
The Hindu Pundits and Scholars agree that
the Vedas and other Hindu religious scriptures prohibit idol worship,
but initially because the mind may not be matured, an idol is required
for concentration while worshipping. After the mind reaches higher
consciousness, the idol is not required for concentration.
Muslims have reached the higher level of consciousness
Muslims have reached the higher level of
consciousness. If an idol is required for concentration only in the
initial stages and not later on when the mind reaches higher
consciousness then I would like to say the Muslims have already reached
the state of higher consciousness because when we worship Allah (swt) we
do not require any idol or statue.
Child asks why does it thunder?
When I was discussing with a Swami in
IRF. He said that when our child asks us, “Why does the sky thunder?”,
we reply that “aaee ma chakki pees rahi hai”, the grandmother is
grinding flour in the heaven; because he is too young to understand.
Similarly in the initial stages people require an idol for
In Islam we don’t believe in telling a
lie, even if it’s a white lie. I will never give such a wrong answer to
my child because later on when he goes to school and learns that the
thundering sound after lightning is due to the expansion of rapidly
heated air, he will either think that the teacher is lying or later on
when he understands the fact he will conclude that the father is a liar.
If you feel that the child may not understand certain difficult things
you should simplify the answer rather than give a wrong fictitious
reply. If you, yourself do not know the answer, you should have the guts
to be truthful and say ‘I don’t know’. But many children nowadays will
not be satisfied with this answer. If this answer was given to my son,
he would say “Abba (father), why don’t you know?’ This will compel you
to do your homework and thus educate yourself as well as your child.
Those in standard one require idol for
concentration – (2 + 2 = 4 will remain same in standard one and ten)
Some pundits while trying to convince me regarding idol worship said
that in standard one the student is initially taught to worship God by
concentrating with the help of an idol but later on when he graduates he
no longer requires the idol to concentrate while worshipping the God. A
very important fact to be noted is that only if the fundamentals of any
particular subject is strong, then only will he be able to excel in
future for e.g. A teacher of mathematics in standard one teaches the
students that 2 + 2 = 4 irrespective whether the student passes school
or does graduation or does a Ph. D. in mathematics, the basics of 2 + 2 =
4 will yet remain the same, it will not change to 5 or 6. In higher
standards the student, besides addition may learn about Algebra,
Trigonometry, Logarithm, etc. but the fundamental of addition will yet
remain the same.
If the teacher in standard one itself teaches the fundamentals wrong, how can you expect the student to excel in future?
It is the fundamental principal of the
Vedas regarding the concept of God that He has got no image, so how can
the Scholars even after knowing this fact keep silent at the wrong
practice being done by people.
Will you tell your son who is in standard
one that 2 plus 2 is not equal to 4 but 5 or 6 and only confirm the
truth after he passes school? Never. In fact if he makes a mistake you
will correct him and say it is 4 and not wait till he graduates; and if
you don’t correct him initially you will ruin his future.
your Lord said: "Invoke Me, [i.e. believe in My Oneness (Islamic
Monotheism)] (and ask Me for anything) I will respond to your
(invocation). Verily! Those who scorn My worship [i.e. do not invoke Me,
and do not believe in My Oneness, (Islamic Monotheism)] they will
surely enter Hell in humiliation!"
Surah 40. Al-Mu'min, Ayah 60
Say (O Muhammad صلىاللهعليهوسلم): "Shall weINVOKEothers besides Allah (false deities), that can do us neither
good nor harm, and shall we turn back on our heels after Allah has guided us
(to true Monotheism)? - like one whom the Shayatin (devils) have made to go
astray in the land in confusion, his companions calling him to guidance
(saying): 'Come to us.' " Say: "Verily, Allah's Guidance is the only
guidance, and we have been commanded to submit (ourselves) to the Lord of the
'Alamin (mankind, jinn and all that exists);
And let not the disbelievers think that Our
postponing of theirpunishment is good for them. We postpone thepunishment only so that they may increase in sinfulness. And for
them is a disgracing torment. (Aal-e-Imran, Chapter#3, Verse#178)
O mankind! Fear your Lord and be dutiful to Him! Verily, the earthquake of
the Hour (of Judgement) is a terrible thing.
( Al-Hajj, Chapter #22, Verse #1)